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BOREA research unit programs

International Research Programs

Team 2: Reproduction and development of aquatic organisms: evolution, adaptation, regulations

Eel genome project

2010 to 2016

The eel genome project has been founded by an international consortium (Netherlands, France, Japan, Norway).

The draft genomes of two eel species, the European eel, Anguilla anguilla, and the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica, have been sequenced using the Illumina method.

The ongoing project includes further assembly of the European eel genome by using ew methodologies for direct sequencing and analysis of Megabase size DNA.

The consortium is also organising international conferences and workshops on eel genomics and transcriptomics.

Team 4: Larval dispersal and communities organization in austral and tropical island systems

Project Melanesia-Hotspot

2015 to 2017

The main objective of our project is to inventory in CEPF (Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund) priority sites freshwater fish and crustaceans in Solomon and Vanuatu in order to fill the gaps identified at IUCN Redlisting workshop. It will propose management solutions that will assist environmental managers, land-owners, local communities and all those interested in sustainable freshwater management. This work will provide help:

Team 5: Diversity and interactions in coastal ecosystems

Team 6: Source and transfer of organic matter in aquatic ecosystems

BBPolar_SCLERARCTIC

Keyence picture of a cross-section of the hinge tooth of the arctic bivalve Astarte moerchi collected in the Svalbard archipelago.
2013 to 2016

The main objective of the B. Polar_Sclerarctic scientific project is based on the use of the skeletal parts of polar marine invertebrates as bioarchives of environmental changes of benthic marine arctic ecosystems. Methods of sclero–chronology and –geochemistry are used to reconstruct past variations of selected environmental parameters at different temporal (daily to century) and spatial (fjord to pan-arctic) scales by using two bivalve species, Chlamys islandica (Scala IPEV) and Astarte spp. (Sclerarctic Ec2co_INSU).

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European research programs

Team 1: Evolution of Biomineralizations and Adaptations to Environmental Constraints

CaCHE

2013 to 2017

Anthropogenic driven climate change is an increasing global problem. Marine invertebrates, such as molluscs have been highlighted as being particularly at risk under future climate change scenarios due to the acidification and warming of the world’s oceans. It is predicted that their heavily calcified shells will become thinner as sea water becomes more acidic, not only changing their role as a CO2 sink but also profoundly impacting the ecological balance and biodiversity.

Team 2: Reproduction and development of aquatic organisms: evolution, adaptation, regulations

PRO-EEL

2010 to 2015

7th PCRD Programme "Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, and Biotechnology" KBBE-2009-1-2-13, n° 245257

The PRO-EEL project aims at breeding European eel (Anguilla anguilla) in captivity. Reproduction of eel in culture has become a focus research area due a severe decline of natural stocks and an increasing interest to breed eels for a self-sustained aquaculture. PRO-EEL is an international research project supported financially by the European Commission.

REPROSEED

2009 to 2014

The key objective of the REPROSEED project is to support the capacity of European hatcheries to respond to an increasing demand for mollusc seed. Hatchery seed production of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is already well established, while for other species (Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis, Ruditapes decussatus, Pecten maximus) it remains limited due to market or biological bottlenecks.

Team 3: Adaptations to Extreme Environments

MIDAS

2014 to 2016

The ecotoxicological risks posed by deep-sea mineral extraction are complex and poorly known. Heavy metals, trace metals and Rare Earth Elements (REEs) phases may be subject to considerable alteration in the marine environment during the mining and at-sea processing of minerals. MIDAS will focus on issues related to the mining of minerals, where there is an urgent demand for information.

Team 5: Diversity and interactions in coastal ecosystems

The EcApRHA project

2015 to 2017

The EcApRHA project (Applying an Ecosystem Approach to (sub) Regional Habitat Assessment) co-financed by the EU DG Environment was a 15-month (December 2015 – February 2017) project, which focused on addressing gaps in the development of biodiversity (pelagic, benthic and food webs) indicators for the OSPAR Regions. In particular, the project aimed to overcome challenges in the development of indicators relating to the MSFD (Marine Strategy Framework Directive 56/2008/EU), such as Descriptor D1 (Biodiversity), D4 (Food webs) and D6 (Seafloor integrity).

PEGASEAS

2013 to 2014

PEGASEAS project aims to identify and capitalize on key lessons for sustainable governance of the marine ecosystem of the Channel area. The project is based on a cluster of projects: CAMIS, ChanneLIS, CHARM3, CRESH, Licco, MERiFIC, OFELIA, PANACHE, SETARMS, Marinexus and VALMER. The project aims to identify the key elements that have demonstrated better governance, synthesizing these elements consistent advice for practitioners and policy makers to share experiences, communicate to different audiences and provide input to the discussions

RECIF

2013 to 2015

Le projet RECIF s’inscrit dans le cadre des réflexions et des actions pour l’amélioration de l’écosystème et pour une meilleure gestion des ressources marines de part et autre de la Manche. Pour répondre à ces enjeux économiques, environnementaux majeurs ce projet vise plusieurs objectifs : valorisation des ressources et coproduits marins (coquilles vides), développement de matériaux de construction innovants pour récifs artificiels et mise en place de récifs artificiels pour l’amélioration de la biodiversité et de la production de l’écosystème marin en Manche.

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National and Regional Research Programs

Team 1: Evolution of Biomineralizations and Adaptations to Environmental Constraints

GUTTER

2015 to 2016

Projets Exploratoires Premier Soutien (PEPS) INEE – 2015

Où se cache la biodiversité en ville ? Une question importante qui interpelle non seulement les scientifiques, mais aussi nos gestionnaires publics et les sphères associatives. Bien que les études de la diversité portent très généralement sur les espèces « macroscopiques », une autre diversité grouille à nos pieds sans que l’on n’y prête la moindre attention. La biodiversité dans les caniveaux correspond à un monde inexploré, riche, changeant et parfois éphémère.

DIATOPTICO

2015 to 2018

Les diatomées sont des micro-algues unicellulaires planctoniques dotées d’un squelette extérieur en silice, transparent et rigide, appelé frustule. La structure des pores de ces frustules joue différents rôles physiologiques et structuraux dont parfois celui de la perception et de la conversion de la lumière. Ces frustules joue un rôle de lentille optique, dont la focale est spécifique à l’espèce de diatomées considérée.

Team 1: Evolution of Biomineralizations and Adaptations to Environmental Constraints , Team 4: Larval dispersal and communities organization in austral and tropical island systems

Team 1: Evolution of Biomineralizations and Adaptations to Environmental Constraints , Inter-teams

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