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Before-After analysis of the trophic network of an experimental dumping site in the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (English Channel)

TitreBefore-After analysis of the trophic network of an experimental dumping site in the eastern part of the Bay of Seine (English Channel)
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursPezy, J-P, Raoux, A, Marmin, S, Balay, P, Niquil, N, Dauvin, J-C
JournalMARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN
Volume118
Pagination101-111
Date Published05/2017
ISSN{0025-326X}
Résumé

An experimental study was conducted to assess the physical and biological impacts of muddy fine sand dredged material dumped on a medium sand site Machu offshore the Seine Estuary. Complementary trophic web modelling tools were applied to the Machu ecosystem to analyse the effects of dumping operations. Results show that, after the dumping operations, the biomass of fish increased while invertebrate biomass remained relatively stable through time. Nevertheless, the biomasses of benthic invertebrates, omnivores/scavengers and predators showed some increases, while non-selective deposit feeders and filter feeders decreased. At the ecosystem level, results show that the total ecosystem activity, the ascendency and the overall omnivorous character of the food-web structure increased after dumping operations, whereas recycling subsequently decreased. Finally, the fine and medium sand habitat offshore from the Seine estuary, which undergoes regular natural physical perturbations, shows a high resilience after a short dumping phase. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.02.042}