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Comparative Study of Chemosensory Organs of Shrimp From Hydrothermal Vent and Coastal Environments

TitreComparative Study of Chemosensory Organs of Shrimp From Hydrothermal Vent and Coastal Environments
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursZbinden, M, Berthod, C, Montagné, N, Machon, J, Léger, N, Chertemps, T, Rabet, N, Shillito, B, Ravaux, J
JournalChemical Senses
Volumedoi:10.1093/chemse/bjx007
Pagination1-13
Mots-clésaesthetascs, decapod, hydrothermal shrimp, IR25a, olfaction
Résumé

The detection of chemical signals is involved in a variety of crustacean behaviors, such as social
interactions, search and evaluation of food and navigation in the environment. At hydrothermal
vents, endemic shrimp may use the chemical signature of vent fluids to locate active edifices,
however little is known on their sensory perception in these remote deep-sea habitats. Here,
we present the first comparative description of the sensilla on the antennules and antennae
of 4 hydrothermal vent shrimp (Rimicaris exoculata, Mirocaris fortunata, Chorocaris chacei,
and Alvinocaris markensis) and of a closely related coastal shrimp (Palaemon elegans). These
observations revealed no specific adaptation regarding the size or number of aesthetascs
(specialized unimodal olfactory sensilla) between hydrothermal and coastal species. We also
identified partial sequences of the ionotropic receptor IR25a, a co-receptor putatively involved in
olfaction, in 3 coastal and 4 hydrothermal shrimp species, and showed that it is mainly expressed
in the lateral flagella of the antennules that bear the unimodal chemosensilla aesthetascs.