Connexion utilisateur

Inter and intra-specific growth and domoic acid production in relation to nutrient ratios and concentrations in Pseudo-nitzschia: phosphate an important factor

TitreInter and intra-specific growth and domoic acid production in relation to nutrient ratios and concentrations in Pseudo-nitzschia: phosphate an important factor
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuteursLema, KA, Latimier, M, Nézan, E, Fauchot, J, Le Gac, M
JournalHarmful Algae
Volume64
Pagination11-19
Résumé

The factors responsible for inducing the synthesis of toxins and responses from toxic phytoplankton
blooms remain unclear. In this study we compare the influence of genotypic (at both the intra and
interspecific levels) and environmental factors (nutrient concentration and ratio) on growth (in terms of
cell densities) and domoic acid (DA) production in three Pseudo-nitzschia species: P. australis, P.pungens
and P.fradulenta. A strong phosphate effect was detected. More precisely, a low initial concentration in
phosphate, even at high initial nitrogen and silicate concentrations, induced the highest DA
concentrations and the lowest cell densities in all strains/species studied. In contrast, a low initial
concentration of nitrogen and silicate combined, with a higher phosphate concentration resulted in low
cell densities, but without high DA production. Inter-species effects were also observed in DA production,
where P. australis represented the most toxigenic species of all. Intra-specific variations were only
moderate, except for a recently isolated P. australis strain, suggesting the influence of time since isolation
on the physiology and DA production of Pseudo-nitzschia species. Overall, the lack of strong interaction
between environmental and genotypic factors showed that the various genotypes investigated did not
extensively diverge in their ability to respond (in terms of DA production and cell densities) to contrasting
nutrient supply.

DOI10.1016/j.hal.2017.03.001