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Shell matrix proteins of the clam, Mya truncata: Roles beyond shell formation through proteomic study

TitreShell matrix proteins of the clam, Mya truncata: Roles beyond shell formation through proteomic study
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuteursArivalagan, J, Marie, B, Sleight, VA, Clark, MS, Berland, S, Marie, A
JournalMarine Genomics
Volume27
Pagination69-74
Date Published06/2016
ISSN1874-7787
Mots-clésbiomineralization
Résumé

Abstract Mya truncata, a soft shell clam, is presented as a new model to study biomineralization through a proteomics approach. In this study, the shell and mantle tissue were analysed in order to retrieve knowledge about the secretion of shell matrix proteins (SMPs). Out of 67 and 127 shell and mantle proteins respectively, 16 were found in both shell and mantle. Bioinformatic analysis of \{SMP\} sequences for domain prediction revealed the presence of several new domains such as fucolectin tachylectin-4 pentraxin-1 (FTP), scavenger receptor, alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2 M), lipocalin and myosin tail along with previously reported \{SMP\} domains such as chitinase, carbonic anhydrase, tyrosinase, sushi, and chitin binding. Interestingly, these newly predicted domains are attributed with molecular functions other than biomineralization. These findings suggest that shells may not only act as protective armour from predatory action, but could also actively be related to other functions such as immunity. In this context, the roles of \{SMPs\} in biomineralization need to be looked in a new perspective.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874778716300186
DOI10.1016/j.margen.2016.03.005