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ANR TROPHIK

Approche écosystémique des EMR – Modélisation du rôle des éoliennes offshore dans la modification du fonctionnement des réseaux trophiques côtiers et dans le cumul d’impacts

Team 5: Diversity and interactions in coastal ecosystems
Team 7: Biodiversity & Macroecology
2016 to 2018
Program type: 
National/Regional

Environmental impact studies for offshore wind projects endeavor to consider sensitivity to potential pressures of ecological compartments (benthos, birds and marine mammals). In this context, and as a complementary approach to the traditional impact assessment, the objective of the TROPHIK project is to develop an integrated ecosystem overview through the establishment of modeling tools considering the food web as a whole.

The proposed model will consider the entire ecosystem, from plankton to birds, and will include tools adapted to this ecosystemic approach. Work will be based on information from the wind farm of Courseulles-sur-Mer which is a representative site in the eastern basin of the Bay of Seine.

The project will also improve understanding of the impacts of cumulative effects on ecosystems (predominant pressures before the introduction of MRE exploitation: deposition of dredged material, fisheries, climate change, etc.).

Partners: 
France Energies Marines
EDF Energies Nouvelles
LOG Wimereux
M2C Caen
UNICAEN, UMR BOREA, équipe 5, Nathalie Niquil
MNHN, UMR BOREA, équipe 7, Boris Leroy