|Title||Hydromineral regulation in the hydrothermal vent crab Bythograea thermydron.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2001|
|Authors||Martinez, A-S, Toullec, J-Y, Shillito, B, Charmantier-Daures, M, Charmantier, G|
|Date Published||2001 Oct|
|Keywords||Animals, Brachyura, Chlorides, Hemolymph, Pacific Ocean, Sodium, Water-Electrolyte Balance|
This study investigates the salinity tolerance and the pattern of osmotic and ionic regulation of Bythograea thermydron Williams, 1980, a brachyuran crab endemic to the deep-sea hydrothermal vent habitat. Salinities of 33 per thousand-35 per thousand were measured in the seawater surrounding the captured specimens. B. thermydron is a marine stenohaline osmoconformer, which tolerates salinities ranging between about 31 per thousand and 42 per thousand. The time of osmotic adaptation after a sudden decrease in external salinity is about 15-24 h, which is relatively short for a brachyuran crab. In the range of tolerable salinities, it exhibits an iso-osmotic regulation, which is not affected by changes in hydrostatic pressure, and an iso-ionic regulation for Na(+) and Cl(-). The hemolymph Ca(2+) concentration is slightly hyper-regulated, K(+) concentration is slightly hyper-hypo-regulated, and Mg(2+) concentration is strongly hypo-regulated. These findings probably reflect a high permeability of the teguments to water and ions. In addition to limited information about salinity around hydrothermal vents, these results lead to the hypothesis that B. thermydron lives in a habitat of stable seawater salinity. The osmoconformity of this species is briefly discussed in relation to its potential phylogeny.
|Alternate Journal||Biol. Bull.|