Solomon’s Gold Mine: Description or redescription of 24 species of Caridina (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) freshwater shrimps from the Solomon Islands including 11 new species

Solomon’s Gold Mine: Description or redescription of 24 species of Caridina (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) freshwater shrimps from the Solomon Islands including 11 new species

de Mazancourt, V., Boseto, D., Marquet, G., & Keith, P. (2020). Solomon’s Gold Mine: Description or redescription of 24 species of Caridina (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) freshwater shrimps from the Solomon Islands, including 11 new species. European Journal of Taxonomy, (696). https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.696

Following recent (2014–2017) collections made in the Solomon Islands by the MNHN and the NGO ESSI, we provide a checklist of the species of amphidromous freshwater shrimps of the genus Caridina H. Milne Edwards, 1837 from this region. Using morphological as well as molecular data in an integrative taxonomic perspective, we found a total of 24 species, including 11 new for science, that are described or re-described, illustrated and discussed in relation to their habitat and distribution. Newly described species are Caridina barakoma sp. nov., C. choiseul sp. nov., C. intermedia sp. nov., C. maeana sp. nov., C. nana sp. nov., C. piokerai sp. nov., C. pisuku sp. nov., C. paratypus sp. nov., C. poarae sp. nov., C. sikipozo sp. nov. and C. turipi sp. nov. Caridina gueryi Marquet, Keith & Kalfatak, 2009 is re-validated as a species distinct from C. buehleri Roux, 1934. Lectotypes are designated for C. mertoni Roux, 1911 and C. papuana Nobili, 1905. Diagnoses for 6 informative species groups are provided: C. brevicarpalis group, C. gracilirostris group, C. nilotica group, C. typus group, C. serratirostris group and C. weberi group. A map of the species distribution in the Solomon Islands, as well as the phylogenetic relationships between the species and their relatives, are provided.

BOREA  contact: Philippe Keith, keith@mnhn.fr

Picture titles:

Figure 25 Planche couleur 1 : Live colourations – (A) Caridina gracilirostris (MNHN-IU-2018-2804); (B) Caridina neglecta (MNHN-IU-2018-2811); (C) Caridina appendiculata (MNHN-IU-2018-135); (D) Caridina brevidactyla (CA1503); (E) Caridina choiseul n. sp. (Choiseul Island); (F) Caridina intermedia n. sp. (MNHN-IU-2014-20847); (G) Caridina mertoni (Kolombangara Island). All photographs by P. Keith.

Figure 26 Planche couleur 2 :  Live colourations – (A) Caridina buehleri (MNHN-IU-2015-20); (B) Caridina gueryi (MNHN-IU-2015-19); (C) Caridina weberi (Kolombangara Island); (D) Caridina serratirostris (MNHN-IU-2018-2931); (E) Caridina papuana (Choiseul Island). Habitats in the Solomon Islands – (F) Lentic mode, Lodumoe river, Kolombangara Island; (G) Lotic mode, Sulumuni river, Kolombangara Island. Photopgraphs by P. Keith: A, D, E, G; by C. Lord: B, C, F.

Valentin DE MAZANCOURT's picture
Valentin DE MAZANCOURT
MNHN Paris
Research staff
BIOPAC
The French National Museum of Natural History (MNHN)
Published on 28 Oct 2020
Updated on 28 Nov 2020