|Title||Assessment of cytotoxic and immunomodulatory properties of four antidepressants on primary cultures of abalone hemocytes (Haliotis tuberculata).|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Minguez, L, Halm-Lemeille, M-P, Costil, K, Bureau, R, Lebel, J-M, Serpentini, A|
|Date Published||2014 Aug|
|Keywords||Animals, Antidepressive Agents, Cell Survival, Cells, Cultured, Enzyme Activation, Esterases, Gastropoda, Hemocytes, Immunity, Innate, Lethal Dose 50, Phagocytosis, Reactive Oxygen Species, Water Pollutants, Chemical|
Pharmaceutical compounds like antidepressants found in surface waters raise concerns due to their potential toxicity on non-target aquatic organisms. This study aimed at investigating the in vitro cytotoxicity and immunomodulatory properties of four common antidepressants, namely Amitriptyline, Clomipramine, Citalopram and Paroxetine, on primary cultures of abalone hemocytes (Haliotis tuberculata), after 48 h-exposure. Effects on immunocompetence (phagocytosis, levels of reactive oxygen species, esterase activity and lysosomal membrane destabilization) were assessed. Results obtained by MTT assays revealed that acute toxicity is unlikely to occur in the environment since the LC50s of the four antidepressants are at the mg/L level. The different immunological endpoints displayed a biphasic response, with an increase at the lowest concentration (i.e. 1 μg/L) followed by a decrease at higher concentrations. Overall, Amitriptyline and Clomipramine, the two tricyclic antidepressants, had higher immunomodulatory capacities than the two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors Citalopram and Paroxetine. Amitriptyline was the most potent and Citalopram the least potent drug in altering immune function in H. tuberculata.
|Alternate Journal||Aquat. Toxicol.|