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Dynamics of exopolymeric carbon pools in relation with phytoplankton succession along the salinity gradient of a temperate estuary (France)

TitleDynamics of exopolymeric carbon pools in relation with phytoplankton succession along the salinity gradient of a temperate estuary (France)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMorelle, J, Schapira, M, Françoise, S, Gaëlle, C, Orvain, F, Claquin, P
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume209
Pagination18-29
Other Numbershttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2018.05.008
KeywordsExopolymeric substances Species, Nanophytoplankton, Picophytoplankton, richness
Abstract

In parallel to phytoplankton community dynamics, transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) and exopolymeric
substances (EPS) were investigated along the salinity gradient of a temperate estuary (Seine estuary, Normandy,
France) over the course of a year. The phytoplankton community was mainly dominated by marine diatom
species (especially Skeletonema sp., Nitzschia sp., and Paralia sulcata) associated with a spring bloom of picoeukaryotes
and the development of Cryptophyceae in summer. The decreases in species richness and salinity were
correlated along the estuary and a significant exponential relationship between species richness and primary
production was identified. Concentrations of TEP and EPS (soluble and bound carbohydrates) are highly dynamic
in this estuary and can reach respectively 69 mgC L−1, and 33 mgC L−1. TEP distribution was mainly
related to physical factors (hydrodynamics, maximum turbidity zone formation and sediment resuspension)
probably produced by stressed or dying phytoplankton, while EPS appeared to be excreted during the phytoplankton
spring bloom. Soluble and bound EPS appear to be related to Skeletonema sp. and Cryptophyceae occurrences.
This paper presents the dynamic pattern of these carbon pools, which play an important role in the
trophic network and influence the flocculation processes involved in the fate of both organic and inorganic
matter.