Early experience with the antegrade colonic enema stopper to reduce stomal stenosis

TitleEarly experience with the antegrade colonic enema stopper to reduce stomal stenosis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsLopez, PJ, Ashrafian, H, Clarke, SA, Johnson, H, Kiely, EM
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery

Background: Since the initial description of the antegrade colonic enema (ACE) procedure, stomal stenosis has been recognized as its most common complication. We previously reported that 44% of our patients required a dilatation for stomal stenosis, with 22% requiring surgical revision. We present our findings with the use of an ACE stopper (Medicina, Adlington, Lancashire, UK) as a means of avoiding this problem. Methods: A retrospective review of the case notes of all patients who underwent an ACE procedure with a follow-up longer than 6 months was carried out over a 3-year period. Two weeks after the ACE procedure, an ACE stopper was sited in the conduit for at least 4 months and removed only for catheterization. Results: Fourteen patients underwent an ACE procedure, 12 of whom received it laparoscopically. All patients received the ACE stopper. The patients' median age at surgery was 10 years (range, 5-16 years). Diagnoses included spinal dysraphism (n = 6) and anorectal malformation (n = 4), with soiling as the presenting complaint among all patients. The patients' median follow-up was 12 months (range, 6-39 months). There was no stomal complication, and 13 patients reported a marked improvement in soiling. Conclusions: The use of an ACE stopper has abolished stomal stenosis on short-term follow-up. We recommend the stopper as an adjunct to the overall management of concerned patients. Longer follow-up is required to establish the true effectiveness of this simple device. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.