Impact of anthropogenic sounds (pile driving, drilling and vessels) on the development of model species involved in marine biofoulingTable_1.docx

TitleImpact of anthropogenic sounds (pile driving, drilling and vessels) on the development of model species involved in marine biofoulingTable_1.docx
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsCervello, G, Olivier, F, Chauvaud, L, Winkler, G, Mathias, D, Juanes, F, Tremblay, R
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Date PublishedMay-05-2023
Keywordsanthropogenic sounds, Benthic diatoms, Bioacoustics, Biofouling, larval development, settlement

The uncontrolled colonization of benthic organisms on submerged surfaces, also called biofouling, causes severe damage in the shipping and aquaculture industries. Biofouling starts with a benthic biofilm composed of a complex assemblage of microbes, bacteria and benthic diatoms, calledmicrofouling, on whichmacrofouling invertebrate species settle and grow. Invertebrate larvae may use natural soundscapes to orientate inshore and choose their optimal habitat. Recent studies have demonstrated that ship sounds enhance the larval settlement and growth of several invertebrate species, such as mussels, associated with biofouling. Among invertebrates, effects of sound generated by offshore human activities are still poorly studied. This study aims to assess the effect of pile driving, drilling and vessel sounds on model species associated with micro and macrofouling. First, the biofilm development of Navicula pelliculosa and Amphora coffeaeformis was assessed, then, the larval development of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) was evaluated from the D-veliger to the postlarval stage. Mussel larvae and microalgae were exposed 12 h each day in tanks (Larvosonic) adapted to sound experiments under controlled conditions. All anthropogenic sounds induced a thinner N. pelliculosa biofilm coupled with a lower microalgae concentration. The drilling sound had a stronger effect on the biofilm thickness. The drilling sound significantly reduced the pediveliger settlement and the postlarvae clearance rate by 70.4% and tended to diminish settler sizes compared to control sound. Contrary to our expectation, pile driving tended to enhance larval recruitment by 22% (P=0.077) and the boat sound did not stimulate larval settlements or recruitment. Drilling sound generated a stressful acoustic environment for pediveliger settlements and postlarvae seem to maintain their shell valves closed to preserve energy. We identify potential causes andmechanisms involved in these impacts of anthropophony on larval ecology and microfouling dynamics.

Short TitleFront. Mar. Sci.
Catégorie HCERES
ACL - Peer-reviewed articles
Publication coopération et recherche SUD