|Title||Peptidergic control of egg-laying in the cephalopod Sepia officinalis: involvement of FMRFamide and FMRFamide-related peptides.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Henry, J, Zatylny-Gaudin, C, Boucaud-Camou, E|
|Keywords||Animals, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Female, FMRFamide, Hemolymph, Immunohistochemistry, Mollusca, Oviducts, Oviposition, Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization|
The peptidergic control of egg-laying was investigated in Sepia officinalis by using a myotropic bioassay. Three myotropic high-performance liquid chromatography fractions were obtained from optic lobe extracts. In the first fraction, FMRFamide (FMRFa) and FLRFa were isolated and sequenced. FMRFa-related peptides then were sought by dotting immunobinding of optic lobes extracts. The four immunoreactive fractions detected revealed the occurrence of FMRFa, FLRFa, FIRFa, and ALSGDAFLRFa predicted by the precursor already cloned from the optic lobes of S. officinalis (J Exp Biol 200:1483-9;1997). These peptides clearly appeared to be involved in the regulation of oocyte transport through the oviduct: the tetrapeptides FMRFa and FLRFa stimulated the contractions, whereas FIRFa and ALSGDAFLRFa lowered the tonus, the frequency, and the amplitude of the contractions. The occurrence of FaRPs in the nervous endings of the accessory sex glands suggested that this peptide family is involved in the regulation of secretory processes of the egg capsule. Indeed, FMRFa modulates the contractions of the main nidamental glands in vitro and, thus, should induce mechanical release of the secretion in vivo during ovulation. These results show that the FaRPs could play an important role in the synchronization of ovulation and egg capsule coating.