Pituitary Hormones mRNA Abundance in the Mediterranean Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax: Seasonal Rhythms, Effects of Melatonin and Water Salinity

TitlePituitary Hormones mRNA Abundance in the Mediterranean Sea Bass Dicentrarchus labrax: Seasonal Rhythms, Effects of Melatonin and Water Salinity
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsFalcon, J
Secondary AuthorsHerrero, M-J, Nisembaum, L-G
Tertiary AuthorsIsorna, E, Peyric, E, Beauchaud, M, Attia, J, Covès, D, Fuentès, M, Delgado, M-J, Besseau, L
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Date Published12/15/2021
Type of ArticleResearch article
Other Numbers10.3389/fphys.2021.774975
Keywordsannual variations, hormones, melatonin, photoperiod, pituitary, salinity, sea bass

In fish, most hormonal productions of the pituitary gland display daily and/or seasonal

rhythmic patterns under control by upstream regulators, including internal biological

clocks. The pineal hormone melatonin, one main output of the clocks, acts at different

levels of the neuroendocrine axis. Melatonin rhythmic production is synchronized mainly

by photoperiod and temperature. Here we aimed at better understanding the role

melatonin plays in regulating the pituitary hormonal productions in a species of scientific

and economical interest, the euryhaline European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. We

investigated the seasonal variations in mRNA abundance of pituitary hormones in two

groups of fish raised one in sea water (SW fish), and one in brackish water (BW fish). The

mRNA abundance of three melatonin receptors was also studied in the SW fish. Finally,

we investigated the in vitro effects of melatonin or analogs on the mRNA abundance of

pituitary hormones at two times of the year and after adaptation to different salinities.

We found that (1) the reproductive hormones displayed similar mRNA seasonal profiles

regardless of the fish origin, while (2) the other hormones exhibited different patterns

in the SW vs. the BW fish. (3) The melatonin receptors mRNA abundance displayed

seasonal variations in the SW fish. (4) Melatonin affected mRNA abundance of most

of the pituitary hormones in vitro; (5) the responses to melatonin depended on its

concentration, the month investigated and the salinity at which the fish were previously

adapted. Our results suggest that the productions of the pituitary are a response to

multiple factors from internal and external origin including melatonin. The variety of the

responses described might reflect a high plasticity of the pituitary in a fish that faces

multiple external conditions along its life characterized by marked daily and seasonal

changes in photoperiod, temperature and salinity.

Short TitleMelatonin and the Pituitary Hormones in the Sea Bass
Catégorie HCERES
ACL - Peer-reviewed articles
Publication coopération et recherche SUD