Pull the trigger: interplay between benthic and pelagic cues driving the early recruitment of a natural bivalve assemblage

TitlePull the trigger: interplay between benthic and pelagic cues driving the early recruitment of a natural bivalve assemblage
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsAndrouin, T, Barbier, P, Foret, M, Meziane, T, Thomas, M, Archambault, P, Winkler, G, Tremblay, R, Olivier, F
Date PublishedJan-01-2022
Keywordsbacteria, bivalves, Chausey Archipelago, early larval recruitment, fatty acids, picoeucaryotes, trophic settlement trigger

Larval settlement and recruitment are crucial phases in the benthic-pelagic life cycle of marine benthic invertebrates that controls population dynamic and habitat connectivity. Our study investigated potential triggers driving the settlement of bivalve larvae in a highly dynamic intertidal coarse sand habitat. The early recruitment rate of five dominant bivalve families and abiotic conditions, particulate (<20 µm) organic matter and sediment organic matter, were monitored from May to October 2014. Pelagic particulate organic matter (<20 µm) was dominated by picoplankton throughout the sampling period, with a substantial diatom bloom in spring. Sediment was characterized by fresh organic matter in spring, as suggested by the dominant contribution of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and by a higher proportion of bacterial fatty acid markers during late summer. Different dynamics were also observed in early bivalve recruitment rates, with four different patterns observed over the sampling period. Multiple regression analysis on selected bivalve families showed species-specific responses to trophic settlement triggers. Indeed, the larva recruitment rate of Mytilidae paralleled pelagic concentration of picoeucaryotes, with the peak early recruitment rate occurring in spring. Surprisingly, the early recruitment rate of Mactridae larvae showed a significant relation to bacterial concentration in the surficial sediment at the end of summer. While the Mytilidae results in such a eutrophic system confirmed those of a previous study in oligotrophic lagoons, therefore supporting the trophic settlement trigger hypothesis, more work is needed to understand the potential role of bacteria in the early recruitment of Mactridae. These results highlight for the first-time inter-specific differences in trophic cues that potentially trigger primary settlement in natural bivalve assemblages.

Short TitleEcosphere
Catégorie HCERES
ACL - Peer-reviewed articles
Publication coopération et recherche SUD