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Fabienne AUDEBERT

Fabienne AUDEBERT's picture

Position

Assistant professor

Affiliation

Sorbonne Université (SU)

Email

fabienne.audebert@upmc.fr

Phone

+33 1 40 79 31 60

Localisation

MNHN Paris

Team

Team 4: Larval dispersal and communities organization in austral and tropical island systems

Research axis/workshop

Transversal axe Communication & Perception
Balanus amphitrite, Elminius modestus, Sacculina carcini and Ascata

Research topics

My specialty is animal parasitology and my research activities are divided into four main themes:

  1. Life cycles, morphology and morphogenesis
  2. The study of co-evolution of parasites and their hosts; their molecular biology and phylogeny
  3. Systematics and descriptions of new species
  4. The identification of parasites and the creation of knowledge bases with Xper 2 and 3 

I work on two large groups of parasites: the Cirripedia (barnacles) and Trichostrongylina (Nematodes) intestinal parasites terrestrial vertebrate

Cirripedia Biology

Through a comparative study of various barnacles, my colleague Nicolas Rabet and I are interested in the origin of barnacle parasitism. The cirripede group is therefore a very interesting one in which to understand the relationships between organisms. Indeed, even within this group, there are many sessile animals attached to a mineral or a living organism (such as barnacles on mussel shells) substrate. When a cirripede settles on a living organism, the "degrees of relationship" can range from simple phoresis (mussel/barnacle) or mutualism (sponge and the barnacle Acasta), to the extreme relationship of parasitism (green crab and Sacculina). My new research project is to study these interactions between the biological life cycles and the morphology of various barnacles; the morphogenesis of the larvae; and their coevolution with their host. We would also like to understand how they "choose" their host, which can be highly specific (as in the phoresis between the barnacle and whale).

In this comparative approach, we use the Sacculina (Sacculina carcini), which is a parasite of the green crab (Carcinus maenas) and the sessile barnacles Balanus amphitrite and Elminius modestus. We compare in detail the morphology, anatomy and larval behavior of these different species to better understand the acquisition of substrate selectivity and anatomical changes following metamorphosis.

Nematode Biology

Our objectives are to understand the evolution of the Trichostrongylina nematodes by studying the biology (life cycles, morphogenesis, distribution, histopathology, and host-switching assays) and the systematics of these parasites from morphological and molecular analyses. I am also interested in creating a knowledge base for the identification of Trichostrongylina species.

Teaching

I have been an Assistant Professor at UPMC since February 2004 where I teach courses on organism biology, parasitology, and professional career skills.

The laboratory work and discussion sections for organism biology courses are for 2nd and 3rd year students.

The laboratory work and discussion sections for symbiosis in marine and terrestrial environments course are for master 1 students.

Discussion section for professional career skill courses are for master 1 students and 2nd year students.

Administrative responsibilities

  • Since 2012: Teaching and managing the professional career skills of master students SDUEE- UPMC
  • Since 2013: Elected member of EFU of master SDUEE-UPMC
  • Since October 2013: Deputy Director of UFR 918 “Terre Environnement Biodiversité”
  • Since 2012: Elected member of the administrative committee, teaching committee, scientific committee and staff committee of UFR 918
  • Since 2009: Elected member of the assistant professor 68th section UPMC