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Carbohydrate production in relation to microphytobenthic biofilm development: an integrated approach in a tidal mesocosm

TitreCarbohydrate production in relation to microphytobenthic biofilm development: an integrated approach in a tidal mesocosm
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuteursOrvain, F, Galois, R, Barnard, C, Sylvestre, A, Blanchard, G, Sauriau, P-G
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Volume45
Pagination237–251
Résumé

Experiments were performed to evaluate short-term changes in sediment extracellular carbohydrates for a multispecific assemblage of benthic diatoms in relation to physiological status, endogenous migratory rhythms, and environmental conditions. For this purpose, a mesocosm was used, which simulated both tidal and dark: light alternating cycles under controlled conditions. Scanning electronic microscopy in combination with picture analyses indicated that natural diatom migration patterns were reproduced in the mesocosm. Two EPS fractions were operationally separated in colloidal carbohydrate measurements: alcohol-soluble EPS (termed soluble EPS) and alcohol-insoluble EPS (termed bound EPS). Microphytobenthic biomass followed a logistic-type curve and converged toward a maximal value termed the biotic capacity of the local environment. Both EPS fractions showed oscillations with production during photosynthetic periods and sharp decreases during night immersion periods. Productions of both EPS fractions increased with Chl a production during light periods suggesting a light dependence in relation to migratory patterns. The decreases in both EPS fractions, which occurred during night immersion periods suggest that carbohydrate hydrolysis and/or washaway affected both EPS fractions similarly in benthic environments. Our results confirm the theory according to which the two distinct fractions are under different metabolic controls. No change in soluble EPS release was obtained during the transition from logarithmic to stationary phase. On the other hand, a metabolism modification of microalgae, probably related to ammonium depletion, occurred when cells entered the stationary phase, since there was a high enhancement in bound EPS production. Mesocosm results can serve as a system of reference useful to characterize biofilm development in field investigations and to revisit the effective implication of each EPS fraction in sediment stability.