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Inorganic carbon fixation by chemosynthetic ectosymbionts and nutritional transfers to the hydrothermal vent host-shrimp Rimicaris exoculata.

TitreInorganic carbon fixation by chemosynthetic ectosymbionts and nutritional transfers to the hydrothermal vent host-shrimp Rimicaris exoculata.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuteursPonsard, J, Cambon-Bonavita, M-A, Zbinden, M, Lepoint, G, Joassin, A, Corbari, L, Shillito, B, Durand, L, Cueff-Gauchard, V, Compère, P
JournalISME J
Volume7
Ticket1
Pagination96-109
Date Published2013 Jan
ISSN1751-7370
Mots-clésAnimals, Carbon Cycle, Chemoautotrophic Growth, Decapoda (Crustacea), Epsilonproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Gills, Hydrothermal Vents, Symbiosis
Résumé

The shrimp Rimicaris exoculata dominates several hydrothermal vent ecosystems of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is thought to be a primary consumer harbouring a chemoautotrophic bacterial community in its gill chamber. The aim of the present study was to test current hypotheses concerning the epibiont's chemoautotrophy, and the mutualistic character of this association. In-vivo experiments were carried out in a pressurised aquarium with isotope-labelled inorganic carbon (NaH(13)CO(3) and NaH(14)CO(3)) in the presence of two different electron donors (Na(2)S(2)O(3) and Fe(2+)) and with radiolabelled organic compounds ((14)C-acetate and (3)H-lysine) chosen as potential bacterial substrates and/or metabolic by-products in experiments mimicking transfer of small biomolecules from epibionts to host. The bacterial epibionts were found to assimilate inorganic carbon by chemoautotrophy, but many of them (thick filaments of epsilonproteobacteria) appeared versatile and able to switch between electron donors, including organic compounds (heterotrophic acetate and lysine uptake). At least some of them (thin filamentous gammaproteobacteria) also seem capable of internal energy storage that could supply chemosynthetic metabolism for hours under conditions of electron donor deprivation. As direct nutritional transfer from bacteria to host was detected, the association appears as true mutualism. Import of soluble bacterial products occurs by permeation across the gill chamber integument, rather than via the digestive tract. This first demonstration of such capabilities in a decapod crustacean supports the previously discarded hypothesis of transtegumental absorption of dissolved organic matter or carbon as a common nutritional pathway.

DOI10.1038/ismej.2012.87
Alternate JournalISME J
Identifiant (ID) PubMed22914596
PubMed Central IDPMC3526180