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Macroinvertebrate food web structure in a floodplain lake of the Bolivian Amazon

TitreMacroinvertebrate food web structure in a floodplain lake of the Bolivian Amazon
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuteursArzabe, CIMolina, Gibon, F-M, Oberdorff, T, Dominguez, E, Pinto, J, Marin, R, Roulet, M

Two stable isotopes delta(13)C and delta(15)N were used to identify the energy sources and trophic relationships of the main freshwater macroinvertebrates in a floodplain lake of the Beni River (Bolivian Amazonia). Four energy sources (seston, bottom sediment, periphyton, and aquatic macrophytes) and macroinvertebrate communities were collected during three periods of the river hydrological cycle. Macroinvertebrates showed greater temporal variation in isotope values than their food sources. Six trophic chains were identified: four were based on seston, periphyton, C(3) macrophytes, and bottom sediments, and the last two chains on a combination of two carbon sources. One mixed seston and periphyton sources during the wet season while the other mixed periphyton and macrophytes sources during the wet and dry seasons. Periphyton was the most important energy source supporting the highest number of trophic levels and consumers. The macrophytic contribution was only significant during the dry season. Bottom sediments constituted a marginal energy source. As each season is associated with different physical and chemical conditions, processes organizing macroinvertebrate food web structure in the Beni floodplain seem strongly linked to hydrological seasonality.