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Mercury bioaccumulation patterns in fish from the Iténez river basin, Bolivian Amazon

TitreMercury bioaccumulation patterns in fish from the Iténez river basin, Bolivian Amazon
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuteursPouilly, M, Pérez, T, Rejas, D, Guzmán, F, Crespo, G, Duprey, J-L, Guimaraes, J-RD
JournalEcotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
Volume83
Pagination8–15
Résumé

The bioaccumulation mechanism expresses an increment of mercury concentration along the lifetime of each individual. It is generally investigated along the age or size range of organisms from a same population. Water chemistry and trophic position are important factors that may influence the emergence of bioaccumulation patterns. In order to detect the influence of these parameters on fish mercury bioaccumulation patterns, we explored the relations between mercury concentration, size and isotopic trophic position of fish populations of six species (three non piscivorous and three piscivorous) in three rivers of the Iténez basin (Bolivia) with different sediment load in water and anthropogenic impact. Fishes of the Iténez basin showed fairly lower mercury contamination in relation to the regional context. They presented lower total mercury concentrations in unperturbed clear water river (average of 0.051 $μ$g g−1 for non piscivores; 0.088 $μ$g g−1 for piscivores), intermediate values (average of 0.05 and 0.104 $μ$g g−1) in unperturbed white water river, whereas the highest values (average of 0.062 and 0.194 $μ$g g−1) were found in the perturbed clear water river. Piscivore and invertivore species showed significant positive bioaccumulation patterns in the perturbed river and in the unperturbed white water river. No positive pattern was detected in the unperturbed clear water river. Positive patterns could not be attributed to differences in trophic condition and mean fish mercury concentration between populations. Bioaccumulation seems not to be the main factor to explain increased mercury concentrations in fish from the perturbed river.

DOI10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.05.018