Seasonal dynamics of marine protist communities in tidally mixed coastal waters

TitreSeasonal dynamics of marine protist communities in tidally mixed coastal waters
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuteursCaracciolo, M, Rigaut‐Jalabert, F, Romac, S, Mahé, F, Forsans, S, Gac, J‐P, Arsenieff, L, Manno, M, Chaffron, S, Cariou, T, Hoebeke, M, Bozec, Y, Goberville, E, Le Gall, F, Guilloux, L, Baudoux, A‐C, de Vargas, C, Not, F, Thiébaut, E, Henry, N, Simon, N
JournalMolecular Ecology
Date PublishedAug-05-2023

Major seasonal community reorganizations and associated biomass variations are landmarks of plankton ecology. However, the processes of plankton community turnover rates have not been fully elucidated so far. Here, we analyse patterns of planktonic protist community succession in temperate latitudes, based on quantitative taxonomic data from both microscopy counts (cells > 10 μm) and ribosomal DNA metabarcoding (size fraction > 3 μm, 18S rRNA gene) from plankton samples collected biweekly over 8 years (2009-2016) at the SOMLIT-Astan station (Roscoff, Western English Channel). Based on morphology, diatoms were clearly the dominating group all year round and over the study period. Metabarcoding uncovered a wider diversity spectrum and revealed the prevalence of Dinophyceae and diatoms but also of Cryptophyta, Chlorophyta, Cercozoa, Syndiniales and Ciliophora in terms of read counts and or richness. The use of morphological and molecular analyses in combination allowed improving the taxonomic resolution and to identify the sequence of the dominant species and OTUs (18S V4 rDNA-derived taxa) that drive annual plankton successions. We detected that some of these dominant OTUs were benthic as a result of the intense tidal mixing typical of the French coasts in the English Channel. Our analysis of the temporal structure of community changes point to a strong seasonality and resilience. The temporal structure of environmental variables (especially Photosynthetic Active Radiation, temperature and macronutrients) and temporal structures generated by species life cycles and or species interactions, are key drivers of the observed cyclic annual plankton turnover.

Short TitleMolecular Ecology
Catégorie HCERES
ACL - Articles dans des revues à comité de lecture
Publication coopération et recherche SUD