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Small and large spatial scale coexistence of ctenid spiders in a neotropical forest (French Guiana)

TitreSmall and large spatial scale coexistence of ctenid spiders in a neotropical forest (French Guiana)
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuteursPetillon, J, Leroy, B, Djoudi, EA, Vedel, V
JournalTropical Zoology
Volume31
Ticket2
Pagination85-98
Date Published04/2018
Mots-clésAraneae, flooding, Guianese shield, inselberg, juveniles
Résumé

While spiders constitute the most abundant and diverse arthropods in many habitats, they remained under-studied, especially in tropical rainforests. The goal of this study is to assess the spatial distribution of the spider family Ctenidae by assessing associations of species diversity and population traits among different habitat conditions. Fieldwork was carried out during 2013 in habitats varying in flooding frequency (plateau vs. flooded forest) and elevation (inselberg vs. lowland) in the Nouragues National Natural Reserve, French Guiana. Assemblage composition, population structure, and trait measurements of one dominant species were assessed using hand collection in replicated quadrats. We found strong effects on ctenid assemblages attributable to both elevation and flooding, with changes in relative abundance of species among habitats, but few correlated densities between species. At the population level, main differences in species distribution between and within habitats were detected only when juveniles were taken into account. No effect of elevation was found on the measurements of traits of the dominant species, but legs were proportionally shorter in flooded habitats, suggesting reduced active dispersal in these habitats. Our study highlights the value of complementary of measures of diversity and traits at different biological scales in Ctenidae.

URLhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03946975.2018.1448531
DOI10.1080/03946975.2018.1448531