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Survival and behavioral characteristics of amphidromous goby larvae of Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) during their downstream migration.

TitreSurvival and behavioral characteristics of amphidromous goby larvae of Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) during their downstream migration.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuteursIida, M, Watanabe, S, Yamada, Y, Lord, C, Keith, P, Tsukamoto, K
JournalJournal of experimental Marine biology and Ecology
Volume383
Ticket2010
Pagination17-22
Mots-clésamphidromy, Phototaxis, Salinity tolerance, Sicyopterus, Specific gravity, Temperature tolerance
Résumé

To understand the ecology and environmental tolerances of newly hatched larvae of the amphidromous fish

Sicyopterus japonicus during their downstream migration, the salinity tolerance of eggs, 0–15 day old larvae,

and adults, and the temperature tolerance, specific gravity and phototaxis of hatched larvae were examined.

Tolerances of adults were measured as survival after a 24 h challenge in freshwater (FW), brackish water (1/

3 SW) and seawater (SW). The survival rate of adult S. japonicus was 100% in FW and 1/3 SW, while none

survived in SW. Hatching success of eggs (30 eggs each) was significantly higher in FW (mean: 73%) and 1/3

SW (73%) than in SW (19%). Tolerance of newly hatched larvae to salinity and temperature was investigated

in different combinations of salinities (FW, 1/3 SW and SW) and temperatures (18, 23 and 28 °C). Larval

survival was significantly different in each salinity and temperature. Survival rate was significantly higher in

1/3 SW than in FW and higher in SW than in FW at 23 °C and 28 °C. At the latter part of the experiment, there

was no survival in FW and at 28 °C. Survival was higher in lower temperatures, but larval development did

not occur in FW. Specific gravity of newly hatched larvae was 1.036 at 28 °C and 1.034 at 23 °C. When

exposed to a light source on one side of an aquarium, larval distribution was not affected. Our results

indicated larval S. japonicus are more adapted to brackish water and seawater than freshwater, while the

adults and eggs are more adapted to freshwater and brackish water than seawater. This is consistent with

their amphidromous life history with growth and spawning occurring in freshwater and the larval stage

utilizing marine habitats.