Aluminium-based galvanic anode impacts the photosynthesis of microphytobenthos and supports the bioaccumulation of metals released.

TitreAluminium-based galvanic anode impacts the photosynthesis of microphytobenthos and supports the bioaccumulation of metals released.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuteursLevallois, A, Vivier, B, Caplat, C, Goux, D, Orvain, F, Lebel, J-M, Claquin, P, Chasselin, L, Basuyaux, O, Serpentini, A
JournalAquat Toxicol
Date Published2023 May
Mots-clésAluminum, Bioaccumulation, Ecosystem, Electrodes, Photosynthesis, Water Pollutants, Chemical, Zinc

Very few studies have looked at the potential biological effects of degradation products of galvanic anodes particularly on primary producers which are central to food webs in marine ecosystems. The galvanic anode cathodic protection system (GACP) is widely used to protect submerged metallic structures from corrosion. Aluminium (Al) and zinc (Zn) are the main constituents of galvanic anodes and are therefore released in the marine environment by oxidation process to form ions or oxy-hydroxides. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of the metals released from an aluminium-based galvanic anode on microphytobenthos performance in term of biofilm growing through the analysis of photosynthetic parameters, the determination of chlorophyll and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The bioaccumulation of Al and Zn were measured in the microphytobenthic compartment collected at the surface of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plates exposed during 13 days to seawaters enriched in different concentrations of metals released from dissolution of one anode. Determination of bioconcentration factors confirmed that the microphytobenthos has incorporated Al. A significative effect was observed on the Chl a concentration for the higher tested concentration ([Al] = 210.1 ± 60.2 µg L  ; [Zn] = 20.2 ± 1.4 µg L  ). The seawater exposed to the anode affected the MPB productivity (ETRII) with consequences on acclimatation light (Ek), absorption cross section of PSII (σ), F/F and NPQ. Regarding the EPS production, the anode degradation presented an impact on high and low molecular weight of both carbohydrates and protein fractions of microphytobenthos suggesting that EPS play an essential role in sequestering metal contaminants to maintain the integrity of the biological membranes and the functionality of the cellular organelles. The accumulation of Al released by GACP in microphytobenthos cells could lead to physiologic problems in photosynthetic organisms.

Alternate JournalAquat Toxicol
Identifiant (ID) PubMed36989926
Catégorie HCERES
ACL - Articles dans des revues à comité de lecture
Publication coopération et recherche SUD