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Evidence for the presence of molecules related to the neuropeptide CGRP in two cephalopods, Sepia officinalis and Nautilus macromphalus: Comparison with its target organ distribution

TitreEvidence for the presence of molecules related to the neuropeptide CGRP in two cephalopods, Sepia officinalis and Nautilus macromphalus: Comparison with its target organ distribution
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuteursLafont, A-G, Dufour, S, Fouchereau-Peron, M
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume84
Pagination138–150
ISSN0028-3835
Résumé

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a neuropeptide mainly involved in brain and cardiovascular functions in mammals. We investigated its presence and potential roles in two cephalopods, Sepia officinalis and Nautilus macromphalus. CGRP-like, but not calcitonin (CT)-like, molecules were detected by specific radioimmuno- and radioreceptor assays in the brain, optic lobes, branchial heart or afferent branchial vein and kidney. Gel exclusion chromatography of cephalopod brain extracts, followed by SDS-PAGE, indicated that CGRP-like molecules had a molecular weight of around 3 kDa, close to that of human CGRP. The distribution of CGRP target organs was characterized by binding studies in cuttlefish. Specific CGRP binding sites were detected in the brain, optic lobes, and kidney, indicating potential autocrine/paracrine roles of CGRP. Specific CGRP binding sites were also detected in the gills and shell sac that do not contain the peptide itself, indicating potential endocrine roles of CGRP. Accordingly, high circulating levels of CGRP-like molecules were detected in hemolymph of both cuttlefish and nautilus, unlike the situation in mammals. CGRP binding sites were further characterized in the cuttlefish gills by the Scatchard method. Our study indicates that the brain neurotransmitter role of CGRP could represent an ancient role in metazoa, already present in cephalopods and conserved among vertebrates. In contrast, the endocrine role of CGRP, which was suggested in cephalopods and also present in teleosts, may have been lost during the evolution of the tetrapod lineage. Our data support the hypothesis that CGRP represents the ancestral molecule of the CT/CGRP family appeared in metazoa before the vertebrate emergence. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

DOI10.1159/000097492