Spatial changes in fatty acids signatures of the great scallop Pecten maximus across the Bay of Biscay continental shelf

TitreSpatial changes in fatty acids signatures of the great scallop Pecten maximus across the Bay of Biscay continental shelf
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuteursNerot, C, Meziane, T, Schaal, G, Grall, J, Lorrain, A, Paullet, Y-M, Kraffe, E
JournalContinental Shelf Research
Date Published15/10/2015
Mots-clésDepth gradient, fatty acids, Metabolism, Pecten maximus, Trophic markers

The spatial variability of food resources along continental margins can strongly influence the physiology and ecology of benthic bivalves. We explored the variability of food sources of the great scallop Pecten maximus, by determining their fatty acid (FA) composition along an inshore–offshore gradient in the Bay of Biscay (from 15 to 190 m depth). The FA composition of the digestive gland showed strong differences between shallow and deep-water habitats. This trend was mainly driven by their content in diatom-characteristic fatty acids, which are abundant near the coast. Scallops collected from the middle of the continental shelf were characterized by higher contents of flagellate markers than scallops from shallow habitats. This could be related to a permanent vertical stratification in the water column, which reduced vertical mixing of waters, thereby enhancing organic matter recycling through the microbial loop. In the deeper water station (190 m), FA compositions were close to the compositions found in scallops from shallow areas, which suggest that scallops could have access to the same resources (i.e. diatoms). Muscle FA composition was more indicative of the physiological state of scallops over this depth range, revealing contrasting reproductive strategies among the two coastal sites and metabolic or physiological adaptation at greater depth (e.g. structural and functional adjustments of membrane composition). This study therefore revealed contrasted patterns between shallow and deeper habitats for both P. maximus muscle and digestive gland tissues. This emphasizes the variability in the diet of this species along its distribution range, and stresses the importance of analyzing different tissues for their FA composition in order to better understand their physiology and ecology.