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Physical proximity may promote lateral acquisition of bacterial symbionts in vesicomyid clams.

TitrePhysical proximity may promote lateral acquisition of bacterial symbionts in vesicomyid clams.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuteursDecker, C, Olu, K, Arnaud-Haond, S, Duperron, S
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Ticket7
Paginatione64830
Date Published2013
ISSN1932-6203
Mots-clésAfrica, Western, Animals, bacteria, Base Sequence, Bivalvia, Electron Transport Complex IV, Genes, Bacterial, Gills, In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence, Likelihood Functions, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Symbiosis
Résumé

Vesicomyid clams harbor intracellular sulfur-oxidizing bacteria that are predominantly maternally inherited and co-speciate with their hosts. Genome recombination and the occurrence of non-parental strains were recently demonstrated in symbionts. However, mechanisms favoring such events remain to be identified. In this study, we investigated symbionts in two phylogenetically distant vesicomyid species, Christineconcha regab and Laubiericoncha chuni, which sometimes co-occur at a cold-seep site in the Gulf of Guinea. We showed that each of the two species harbored a single dominant bacterial symbiont strain. However, for both vesicomyid species, the symbiont from the other species was occasionally detected in the gills using fluorescence in situ hybridization and gene sequences analyses based on six symbiont marker genes. Symbiont strains co-occurred within a single host only at sites where both host species were found; whereas one single symbiont strain was detected in C. regab specimens from a site where no L. chuni individuals had been observed. These results suggest that physical proximity favored the acquisition of non-parental symbiont strains in Vesicomyidae. Over evolutionary time, this could potentially lead to genetic exchanges among symbiont species and eventually symbiont displacement. Symbiont densities estimated using 3D fluorescence in situ hybridization varied among host species and sites, suggesting flexibility in the association despite the fact that a similar type of metabolism is expected in all symbionts.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0064830
Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
Identifiant (ID) PubMed23861734
PubMed Central IDPMC3704533