Is the deep-sea crab Chaceon affinis able to induce a thermal stress response?

TitleIs the deep-sea crab Chaceon affinis able to induce a thermal stress response?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMestre, NC, Cottin, D, Bettencourt, R, Colaço, A, Correia, SPC, Shillito, B, Thatje, S, Ravaux, J
JournalComp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol
Date Published2015 Mar

Fluctuations in the stress level of an organism are expressed in behavioural and molecular changes that can affect its ecology and survival. Our knowledge of thermal adaptations in deep-sea organisms is very limited, and this study investigates the critical thermal maximum (CTmax) and the heat-shock response (HSR) in the deep-sea crab Chaceon affinis commonly found in waters of the North East Atlantic. A mild but significant HSR in C. affinis was noted and one of the lowest CTmax known amongst Crustacea was revealed (27.5 °C at 0.1 MPa; 28.5 °C at 10 MPa). The thermal sensitivity of this species appears to be reduced at in situ pressure (10 MPa), given the slightly higher CTmax and the significant 3-fold induction of stress genes hsp70 form 1 and hsp70 form 2. Although C. affinis deep-sea habitat is characterized by overall low temperature this species appears to have retained its ability to induce a HSR. This capability may be linked with C. affinis' occasional exploitation of warmer and thermally instable hydrothermal vent fields, where it has been found foraging for food.

Alternate JournalComp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.
PubMed ID25434602