Ichthyoplankton in the neritic and coastal zone of Antarctica and Subantarctic islands: A review

TitleIchthyoplankton in the neritic and coastal zone of Antarctica and Subantarctic islands: A review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKoubbi, P, Duhamel, G, Hecq, JH, Beans, C, Loots, C, Pruvost, P, Tavernier, E, Vacchi, M, Vallet, C
JournalJournal of Marine Systems

Since the article published by Loeb et al. [Loeb, V.J., Kellermann, A., Koubbi, P., North, A.W., White, M., 1993. Antarctic larval fish assemblages: a review. Bull. Mar. Sci. 53(2), 416-449.] about Antarctic ichthyoplankton, many surveys were carried out in different sectors of the Southern Ocean focusing on different aspects of the ecology of fish larvae. Some of these researches were conducted in the Subantarctic Kerguelen Islands and others on the continental shelf off Terre Adelie and Georges V land. Oceanographic and geographic features influence fish larvae ecology such as island mass effects, gyres, canyons. Antarctic fishes show also temporal segregation of spawning which induces temporal succession of early stage larvae. This avoids competition and probably the predation on early stages for species having few recruits. In that case, we have to understand how these larvae can deal with the match-mismatch with their preys and how they find sufficient food to survive. But our knowledge on Antarctic fish larvae is still insufficient as we do not know larvae for quite a lot of species and because of the difficulty to sample during winter. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.